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A Case of Impending Cardiac Tamponade Caused by Effusive Constrictive Pericarditis

Author(s): Catalina Sanchez-Alvarez, Monia Werlang, Oludamilola Oluleye, Mohamad H Yamani

Pericarditis is the most common pericardial disease worldwide, and can be recurrent in one third of the patients with viral and idiopathic pericarditis [1]. The diagnosis of pericarditis should be based on clinical criteria, history, clinical findings, electrocardiographic (ECG) changes and evidence of a pericardial effusion [2]. Elevation of the inflammatory markers and evidence of pericardial inflammation by an imaging technique such as contrast enhancement on the pericardium-CT scan or pericardial edema and pericardial late gadolinium enhancement on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are additional supportive criteria in the diagnosis [1].

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