Archives of Nephrology and Urology is a broad-based journal found on two key tenets; first is to publish the most exciting Reviews on Nephrology and Urologys; second is to ensure a rapid review and publishing of articles. Journal publishes all types of articles such as original research, review articles, case reports, short communications, editorials, letter to the editor, etc from the relevant communities.
• Acute Kidney Failure
• Acute Kidney Injury
• Alport Syndrome
• Bladder cancer
• Cartography, TRUS, MRI Fusion
• Clinical Nephrology
• End Stage Renal Disease
• Genitourinary diseases
• Horseshoe Kidney
• Infections and Diseases of Male Reproductive Organs
• Kidney Biopsy
• Kidney Cysts
• Kidney Neoplasms
• Lobar Nephronia
• Lupus Nephritis
• Paediatric Nephrology
• Pediatric Urology
• Peritoneal Dialysis
• Prostate Specific Antigen
• Reconstructive Urology
• Renal Calculi
• Renal Carcinoma
• Renal Hypertension
• Renal Insufficiency
• Renal Management
• Renal Papillary Necrosis
• Renal Replacement
• Extra-Corporeal Therapy
• Renal Transplantation
• Urinary Incontinence
• Urinary Tract Infections
• Urologic Oncology
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Nephrology is a field of medicine and pediatrics that is related to kidneys: the study of functioning of a normal kidney and kidney infection, the protection of kidney health, and the treatment of kidney disease, from diet and drug to renal substitution treatment (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Nephrology also studies foundational conditions that influence the kidneys, for example, diabetes and immune system infection; and fundamental sicknesses that happen because of kidney illness, for example, renal osteodystrophy and hypertension. A doctor who has embraced extra training and become certified in nephrology is called a nephrologist.
Urology (genitourinary surgery) is the science of medicine that centers on surgical and medical illnesses of the male and female urinary-tract system and the male regenerative organs. Organs under the area of urology incorporate the kidneys, adrenal organs, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, and the male regenerative organs (testes, epididymis, vas deferens, fundamental vesicles, prostate, and penis).
Acute Kidney Injury
Acute kidney injury (AKI), earlier known as acute renal failure (ARF), is an unexpected loss of kidney work that evolves within 7 days. There are various causes of AKI. Normally, it happens due to harm to the kidney tissue caused by diminished kidney blood stream (kidney ischemia) from any reason (e.g., low pulse), exposure to substances destructive to the kidney, an inflammatory procedure in the kidney, or an impediment of the urinary tract that hinders the stream of urine.
Kidney failure (end-stage kidney disease) is a medicinal condition in which the kidneys do not function. Kidney failure is distinguished into acute kidney failure (cases that grow quickly) and chronic kidney failure (those that are long term). Symptoms may incorporate leg swelling, feeling tired, heaving, loss of craving, or confusion. Complications of acute illness may incorporate uremia, high blood potassium, or volume overload. Complications of chronic sickness may incorporate coronary illness, hypertension, or anemia.
Alport syndrome is a hereditary disorder influencing around one of every 50,000 children, described by glomerulonephritis, end-stage kidney illness, and hearing loss. Alport syndrome can influence the eyes, however the progressions do not for normally influence sight, with the exception of when changes to the focal point happen in later life. Blood in urine is widespread. Proteinuria is a component as kidney illness advances.
Andrology is the medical science that is concerned with male health, especially identifying with the issues of the male conceptive system and urological issues that are one of a kind to men. It is the counterpart to gynecology, which manages medicinal issues, which are explicit to female health, particularly conceptive and urologic health. Andrology covers irregularities in the connective tissues relating to the genitalia, and in addition changes in the volume of cells, for example, in genital hypertrophy or macrogenitosomia.
Azotemia is a medicinal condition described by strangely abnormal amounts of nitrogen-containing mixes, (for example, urea, creatinine, different body squander mixes, and other nitrogen-rich mixes) in the blood. It is generally identified with inadequate or dysfunctional filtering of blood by the kidneys. It can prompt uremia and intense kidney damage (kidney failure) if not controlled.
Cystoscopy is endoscopy of the urinary bladder by means of the urethra. It is performed with a cystoscope. The urethra is the cylinder that conveys urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. The cystoscope has focal points like a telescope or microscope. These focal points let the doctor center around the internal surfaces of the urinary tract. Some cystoscopes utilize optical fibres (adaptable glass fibres) that convey a picture from the tip of the instrument to a survey piece at the opposite end.
Dialysis is the procedure of evacuating abundance water, solutes, and poisons from the blood in individuals whose kidneys can never carry out these functions normally. This is alluded to as renal replacement therapy. Dialysis is utilized in patients with quickly evolving loss of kidney function, known as acute kidney injury (earlier known as acute renal failure), or gradually exacerbating kidney function, called Stage 5 chronic kidney disease, (earlier called chronic kidney failure and end-stage renal disease and end-stage kidney infection).
Kidney stone disease
Kidney stone disease (urolithiasis) is the point at which a solid piece of material (kidney stone) occurs in the urinary tract. Kidney stones commonly frame in the kidney and leave the body in the urine stream. A little stone may pass without causing symptoms. If a stone develops to in excess of 5 millimeters (0.2 in) it can cause blockage of the ureter bringing about extreme torment in the lower back or abdomen. A stone may also result in blood in the urine, retching, or excruciating urination. About portion of individuals will include another stone inside ten years.
Hemodialysis (haemodialysis) or just dialysis, is a procedure of cleaning the blood of an individual whose kidneys are not working regularly. This kind of dialysis accomplishes the extracorporeal evacuation of waste items, for example, creatinine and urea and free water from the blood when the kidneys are in a condition of kidney failure. Hemodialysis is one of three renal substitution treatments (the other two being kidney transplant and peritoneal dialysis). An alternative strategy for extracorporeal partition of blood segments, for example, plasma or cells is apheresis.
Horseshoe kidney (ren arcuatus, renal fusion or super kidney) is an intrinsic issue influencing around 1 out of 600 individuals, progressively basic in men. In this disorder, the patient's kidneys meld to frame a horseshoe-shape amid improvement in the belly. The fused part is the isthmus of the horseshoe kidney. Fusion abnormalities of the kidney can be divided into two gatherings: horseshoe kidney and crossed fused ectopia. The 'horseshoe kidney' is the most widely recognized renal fusion abnormality.
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a kind of dialysis which utilizes the peritoneum in an individual's abdomen as the film through which liquid and dissolved substances are exchanged with the blood. It is utilized to expel abundance liquid, right electrolyte issues, and evacuate poisons in those with kidney failure. Peritoneal dialysis has preferable results over hemodialysis amid the principal couple of years. Other advantages incorporate more noteworthy adaptability and better tolerability in those with huge heart disease.
Renal biopsy (kidney biopsy) is a medicinal methodology in which a piece of kidney is expelled from the body for examination, more often than not under a microscope. Microscopic examination of the tissue can give data expected to analyze, monitor or treat issues of the kidney. A renal biopsy can be focused to a specific injury, for instance a tumor emerging from the kidney. Normally the biopsy is non-targeted as medicinal conditions influencing the kidney regularly include all kidney tissue aimlessly.
Cystic kidney disease
Cystic kidney disease is an extensive variety of inherited, formative, and obtained conditions. With the incorporation of neoplasms with cystic changes, more than 40 classifications and subtypes have been distinguished. In accordance to the sickness order, the introduction of malady might be from birth, or a much later into grown-up life. Cystic disease may include one or both kidneys and could possibly happen within the sight of different peculiarities.
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