Journal of Environmental Science and Public Health (JESPH) is wide scope open access peer-reviewed scientific journal for research scientists in areas of environmental sciences and public health. JESPH publishes editorials, original articles, research notes, reviews, commentary, Case report and short communications in the interdisciplinary area of environmental health sciences and public health.
Journal of Environmental Science and Public Health covers the area in environmental science health, toxicology and mutagenesis, medicine public health, environmental pollution, environmental and occupational health, environmental chemistry and biology, pollution and human risk assessment, ecological human risk assessment, wastes management in air, water, and soil, solid and hazardous waste management, heavy metals and organic compounds in the environment, atmospheric pollutants and trace gases, biodegradation and bioremediation, environmental impact assessment and industrial ecology.
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is the study of the collaborations between the physical, chemical, and biological aspects of nature. All things considered, it is a multidisciplinary science: it includes various fields like geology, hydrology, soil sciences, plant physiology, and ecology. Researchers of environmental
science may have knowledge in more than one field of study; for instance, a geochemist has knowledge of both geology and chemistry. Commonly, the multidisciplinary nature of environmental
specialists work originates from joint efforts they cultivate with different researchers from reciprocal research fields. Environmental
scientists carry out their research on comprehension of earth forms, assessing alternative energy systems, contamination control and alleviation, natural resource management, and the impacts of worldwide environmental
is the science of public health that relates with all the features of the natural and built environment
influencing health of human. Environmental public health, and public health protection/ environmental health protection are the different terms related to environmental health. Environmental health
is centered with natural and built environments for the human health benefit, while environmental protection is concerned with securing the natural environment
to assist human health
and the ecosystem.
is “the science and specialty of averting disease, prolonging life and advancing human wellbeing through interactions, open and private, networks and individuals”. Public health
is ensured by analyzing the population health and the hazards associated with it. Public health
focuses to enhance the quality of life through counteractive action and treatment of infection, including mental health. This is accomplished through the reconnaissance of cases and health indicators, and through the advancement of healthy behaviors. Public health
initiatives incorporate advancing handwashing and breastfeeding, conveyance of inoculations, suicide aversion.
is the creation of contaminants into the natural environment
that lead to antagonistic changes. Pollution
can be of any form as chemical substances or energy, as noise, light or heat. Pollutants (the segments of pollution), can be either foreign substances/energies or natural contaminants. In 2015, 9 million individuals were killed due to pollution all over the world. Significant types of pollution comprise of Air pollution
, water contamination
, noise pollution
, light pollution, littering, plastic pollution, soil tainting
, radioactive defilement, thermal contamination, visual pollution
is the scientific study of biology that examines about the connections among life forms and their environment
. Objects of study incorporate associations of living beings with one another and with abiotic elements of their environment. Its classification incorporates the biodiversity, conveyance, biomass
, and populations of living organisms, species. Ecosystems
are progressively communicating frameworks of living beings, the networks they make up, and the non-living elements of their environment
. These procedures are supported by living beings with explicit life history characteristics. Biodiversity implies the assortments of species, genes, and ecosystems
, improves certain ecosystem services. Ecology
overlaps with the firmly related sciences of transformative science, genetics, and ethology. An imperative concentration for scientists is to enhance the comprehension of how biodiversity influences environmental capacity.
is the study of earth science associated with the solid Earth (rocks). Geology
can additionally be referred as the science of solid components of any terrestrial planet or natural satellite, for example, Mars or the Moon. Geology
depicts the structure of the Earth underneath its surface, and the procedures that have formed that structure. Geology
provides appliance to examine the relative and exact ages of rocks in a given area, and furthermore to depict the history of those rocks. By consolidating these appliances, geologists are able to analyze the geographical history of the Earth in general and furthermore to exhibit the age of the Earth. Geology
provides the essential proof to plate tectonics, the developmental history of life, and the Earth's past atmospheres.
is produced from contemporary organic procedures like agriculture and anaerobic absorption, rather than from non-renewable energy sources. Biofuels can be directly processed from plants, or indirectly from indirectly from agricultural, commercial, domestic, or industrial wastes. Renewable biofuels include contemporary carbon fixation, such as the process of photosynthesis in plants
. Other renewable biofuels are produced from the utilization or conversion of biomass. This biomass can be converted to energy-containing substances using thermal conversion, chemical
conversion, and biochemical conversion. This resulted fuel of biomass conversion can be in solid, liquid or gaseous form which can directly be utilized for biofuels.
Waste Water Treatment
is the procedure of conversion of wastewater
(water that is never again required or is not any more appropriate for utilization) into bilge water that can be released into the environment. Wastewater
is formed from various activities such as showering, washing, toilet utilization, and rainwater. Wastewater contains lot of contaminants such as microbes, chemicals and toxins. Wastewater treatment decreases the contaminants to satisfactory levels so that the water
can safely be released into the environment
. The two wastewater treatment plants are physical or chemical
treatment plant, and biological wastewater treatment plant. Biological (organic) wastewater treatment plants utilize biological material and microscopic organisms to collapse waste matter from households and business premises. Physical wastewater treatment plants utilize chemical
reactions and physical procedures to treat wastewater from industries, factories and manufacturing factories.
is the active management of the biosphere to guarantee the survival of the maximum diversity of species and the maintenance of genetic volatility within species. Conservation
incorporates the maintenance of biosphere performance i.e., nutrient cycling and biological function. Conservation
also incorporates the concept of sustainable resource use so that the environment may yield the best sustainable advantage to current ages while managing its capability to address the requirements and goal of future generations. Conservation
of species and biological procedures must be synchronous with conservation of abiotic resources or it is unlikely to succeed.
is the variability among living organisms from all sources, including terrestrial, marine, and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species, and of ecosystems. Biodiversity
forms the foundation of the vast array of ecosystem services that critically contribute to human well-being. Biodiversity
is important in human-managed as well as natural ecosystems. Human made decisions which affect biodiversity influence the prosperity of themselves and others. Biodiversity is the establishment of ecosystem services to which human prosperity is personally connected.
is a network comprised of living beings and nonliving things, for example, air, water, and mineral soil. Ecosystems
can be considered in two diverse ways. They can be thought of as associated accumulations of plants and creatures, or as organized systems and networks administered by general rules. The living (biotic) and non-living (abiotic) elements communicate through nutrient cycles and vitality flows. Ecosystems incorporate connections among living beings, and among their environment
. Ecosystems can be of any size yet every ecosystem has an explicit, restricted space. Some researchers see the whole planet as one ecosystem.
is a long haul ascend in the normal temperature of the Earth's climate system, an aspect of environmental change appeared by temperature estimations and by various impacts of the warming
. The term usually refers to the human-caused observed warming since pre-industrial occasions and its anticipated continuation. The impacts of global warming
are the natural and social changes caused by human outflows of greenhouse gases. There is a logical agreement that environmental change
is happening, and that human activities are the essential cause. Many effects of environmental change have already been observed such as glacier retreat, changes in the timing of seasonal events and changes in horticultural productivity. Future impacts of environmental change will shift according to climate change policies
and social development. The two principle policies to address environmental
change are lowering human greenhouse gas emissions
and adjusting to the effects of atmosphere change.
Environmental Risk can be characterized as the "real or potential danger of unfriendly impacts on living beings and the environment
by effluents, emissions, wastes, resource depletion, and so on, emerging out of organizations." Environmental exposures, regardless of whether physical, chemical
, or organic, can actuate a destructive reaction and may influence soil, water, air, natural resources or entire ecosystems
, plants and creatures, people and the surroundings where they live. With developing oversight, this kind of hazard is not normally secured under customary risk assurance, yet holes in inclusion can be filled by inventive forte projects made accessible by insurer. Given the expansion in ecological exposures, the worldwide hazard and insurance community would be shrewd to assess its mindfulness, vulnerability, preparedness and reaction in overseeing developing and unanticipated contamination dangers.
Municipal Solid Waste
Municipal solid waste
(MSW), generally called garbage or trash in the United States and rubbish in Britain, is a waste kind comprising of ordinary things that are disposed by people in general. "Garbage" can also be referred particularly to food
waste, as in a garbage disposal. The municipal solid waste industry has four elements: recycling, fertilizing the soil, disposal, and waste-to-energy by means of incineration. There is no single methodology that can be connected to the management of every waste stream, hence the Environmental Protection Agency, a U.S. national government organization, developed a hierarchy ranking strategy for municipal solid waste
. The Waste Management Hierarchy is comprised of four levels listed from most preferred to least preferred strategies dependent on their ecological soundness: Source reduction and reuse; recycling or composting; energy recovery; treatment and disposal.
is a free-floating perennial aquatic plant (or hydrophyte) local to tropical and sub-tropical South America. With expansive, thick, reflexive, ovate leaves, water hyacinth
may rise above the surface of the water as much as 1 meter. One of the quickest developing plants known, water hyacinth
replicates principally by method for sprinters or stolons, which ultimately form daughter plants. Each plant furthermore can deliver a huge number of seeds every year, and these seeds can stay feasible for more than 28 years. Some water hyacinths were found to develop somewhere in the range of 2 and 5 meters per day in a few locales in Southeast Asia. The regular water hyacinth
(Eichhornia crassipes) is incredible producers and mats can twofold in size in two weeks.
is a mosquito
-borne irresistible ailment influencing people and different creatures caused by parasitic single-celled microorganisms belonging to Plasmodium group. Malaria
causes side effects that normally incorporate fever, tiredness, heaving, and headaches. In extreme cases it can cause yellow skin, seizures, trance state, or death. Symptoms of malaria
normally initiate ten to fifteen days subsequent to being nibbled by a contaminated mosquito
. If not appropriately treated, individuals may have repeats of the ailment months later. In those who have recently survived an infection, reinfection causes milder symptoms. This halfway obstruction vanishes over months to years if the individual has no proceeding exposure to malaria