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The Effect of Conservative Periodontal Therapy at Patients with Systemic Diseases

Author(s): Ilma Robo, Saimir Heta, Fjona Hamzai, Vera Ostreni

Introduction: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical outcomes of non-surgical periodontal therapy specifically for psychiatric, diabetic, nephropathic and gastrointestinal patients. The clinical presentation of the diseases of these patients is followed by the selection of some of the patient typologies according to the above classification, followed by the documented evaluation of the periodontal prior status and 1 week of non-surgical periodontal non-surgical posttraumatic treatment.

Materials and methods: The study was conducted in a total of 311 patients, out of which 206 were ill patients included in the assessment, of which 80 were cardiac patients, 76 diabetic patients, 43 nephropathic patients, 7 gastrointestinal patients included in the study ours, after meeting the inclusion criteria. Patients included in the study are divided by age, sex and socio-health status.

Results: Outcome results in delayed treatment in diabetic patients with oral cavity injuries. The minimum amount of bacterial plaque in patients with gastrointestinal diseases is the most typical element of this category. The appearance of gingival hypertrophy in patients with hypertension treated with calcium-blockers and the faintest gingivitis during treatment of nephropathy patients are the typical features found in the relevant patient category.

Patient's vulnerability to combinations of diseases that follow and encourage each other was higher in the cardiac and diabetic relationship than in nephropathy and diabetes patients. Cardiac patients, if we talk about the healing process, in the probability values, reacted more slowly than diabetic patients. This element should be further followed by further analysis of the risk factors of these categories versus the occurrence of periodontal diseases.

Conclusions: The hemorrhage index expressed significant reductions during the healing process, in descending order, the highest changes in diabetic patients, followed in gastrointestinal, nephropathic patients and the last were cardiac patients. Systemic diseases are directly related to the periodontal status of patients affected by them. This connection is secondary because, as the systemic diseases cause periodontal disease, the later path is also worthwhile, since periodontal diseases also cause systemic diseases, which even endanger the patient's life.

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