A Study on Association of Diabetes Mellitus and Hypertension with Their Demographics and Blood Parameters – A Pilot Study
Author(s): Priyanka Singh, Shikha Saxena, Sanjay Kumar Singh, Shaleen Chandra, Akhilesh Chandra and Pradakhshana Vijay
Introduction: Haematologists have always had a keen interest in researching the pathophysiology and clinical relevance of hematological parameters in various populations. Factors that may affect haematological and serum biochemical parameters might include Gender, Age and disorders like Diabetes mellitus, Hypertension or both.
Aim: To determine the correlation of hemoglobin, red blood cell count, white blood cell count and platelets with the age, gender, disorders like Diabetes mellitus, Hypertension or both.
Materials & Method: We have selected record of 349 patients were randomly selected from the daily record register data, who came to the hematology section of the department in the regular OPD services. The record of selected patients were catagorised into 4 groups from Group A to Group D. Group A – (Control group) Subjects with no morbidity, Group B – Patients with Diabetes mellitus, Group C – Patients with Hypertension and Group D – Patients with both Diabetes mellitus & Hypertension. Blood parameters (Hb, Red blood cell count, White blood cell count and Platelets count) of each were noted and analyzed in Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology.
Results & Discussion: The mean age of participants having both diabetes & hypertension was found to be significantly more than that of the subjects having diabetes alone, which was further significantly more than those who did not have any morbidity. The results showed more prevalence of occurance ot these disorders among males than females. However, the mean Hb level, RBC count, WBC count and Platelet count did not differ significantly among subjects having different types of morbidities like Diabetes mellitus, Hypertension and both.
Conclusion: We found a significant positive correlation between age among diabetic and hypertensive men and women. Poor lifestyle and lack of awareness on diabetes and hypertension might be the possible causes.