Effect of Light Conditions on In Vitro Adventitious Organogenesis of Cucumber Cultivars
Author(s): Jorge Fonseca Miguel
The response on callus and shoot formation under different light incubation conditions was evaluated in cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Four-dayold cotyledon explants from the inbred line 'Wisconsin 2843' and the commercial cultivars 'Marketer' and 'Negrito' were employed. A four-week culture was conducted on MS-derived shoot induction medium containing 0.5 mg L-1 IAA and 2.5 mg L-1 BAP, under an 8-h dark/16-h light regime, or by a one- or two-week dark pre-incubation followed by the same photoperiod. Significant differences were obtained for the regeneration of shoots in all cultivars. The response in both frequency and number of shoots under continuous photoperiod was at least 3-6 fold higher than with dark pre-incubation. The highest genotypes response was obtained by 'Negrito' and 'Marketer' with identical values. All explants formed callus, and in two of the three cultivars, the response on callus extension was not significantly affected by incubation conditions. The results clearly show that shoot induction under continuous photoperiod regime was beneficial for adventitious shoot regeneration in cucumber.