Efficacy of Biocontrol Agents, Plant Extracts and Fungicides on Fusarium Oxysporum f. sp. Ciceris
Author(s): Yusuf Ali Abdulle, Abdinur Ali Osman, Mohamed Ali Awale, Abdihakim Osman Heile, Muhammad Bilal, Muhammad Nasir Subhani
A comparative study was carried out among biological, chemical, and plant extract control against Fusarium wilt of chickpea. Chickpea is a valued crop and provides nutritious food for an expanding world population and will become progressively significant with climate change. Chickpea crop is getting an alarming threat all over the world. One of the most serious diseases regarding chickpea crop is Fusarium wilt, which is caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris (Foc). In this research different experiments were conducted for the management of Fusarium wilt of chickpea in vitro; for this purpose, different fungicides, plant extract and biocontrol agents were used. All the fungicides, plant extract and bio control agents reduced the development of Foc significantly as compared to control. By all of these experiments, it is concluded that maximum control is given by Faline is the best effective against Foc and reduced the mycelial colony (80.36%) which was followed by Vampire, (69.64%), among plant extract neem leaf extract is best effective, and had given the maximum colony reduction (31.58%). While, Trichoderma harzianum showed a best biocontrol agent against Fusarium wilt of Chickpea.