Journal of Ophthalmology and Research is an open access, peer-reviewed, bimonthly online journal that encourage researchers to publish their new findings or ideas in an open access platform. Journal is focusing on “Eye-to-Eye” roundtable discussions on current topics, diagnosis and therapy in Ophthalmology, new diagnostic and surgical techniques, instrument and therapy updates, results of clinical trials and research findings.
Journal of Ophthalmology and Research aims to encourage researchers to publish their new findings or ideas in an open access platform to publish their manuscripts with no restriction on the length of the papers so that full experimental details provided by the author should help in better understanding by the readers. We publish research articles, review articles, case reports, methodological clinical approaches, design and goals of clinical trials. The journal covers all the topics on Ophthalmology
• Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica
• Eye disorders
• Ocular, refractive surgery
• Visual impairment
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Ophthalmology is a science of medicine and surgery (the two techniques are utilized) that is associated with the life systems, physiology and diseases of the eyeball and orbit. An ophthalmologist is an expert in medicinal and surgical eye diseases. Ophthalmologists are permitted to utilize medications to treat eye diseases, implement laser treatment, and perform surgery when required. Ophthalmologists may participate in academic research on the diagnosis and treatment for eye disorders.
A cataract is an obfuscating of the lens in the eye, which prompts a decline in vision. Cataracts grow gradually and can influence one or both eyes. Symptoms may incorporate blurred hues, foggy vision, radiances around light, issue with bright lights, and inconvenience seeing at night. This may result in trouble driving, reading, or perceiving faces. Poor vision caused by cataracts may result in an expanded danger of falling and depression. Cataracts cause half of all instances of visual deficiency and 33% of visual impairment worldwide.
Glaucoma is a group of eye ailments, which result in harm to the optic nerve and vision loss. The most widely recognized sort is open-angle glaucoma with less basic sorts including closed-angle glaucoma and normal-tension glaucoma. Open-angle glaucoma grows gradually and there is no pain. Peripheral vision may start to diminish pursued by focal vision bringing about visual deficiency if not treated. Closed-angle glaucoma can show slowly or suddenly.
The retina is the innermost, light-delicate layer, or "coat", of shell tissue of the eye of most vertebrates and a few molluscs. The optics of the eye make an engaged two-dimensional picture of the visual world on the retina, which makes an interpretation of that picture into electrical neural impulses to the cerebrum to make visual perception, the retina serving much similar function as film or a CCD in a camera. The retina comprises of a various layers of neurons interconnected by synapses. The neural retina alludes to the three layers of neural cells (photograph receptor cells, bipolar cells, and ganglion cells) inside the retina, which completely involves ten unmistakable layers, including an external layer of pigmented epithelial cells.
The pupil is an opening situated in the center of the iris of the eye that enables light to strike the retina. It seems dark since light beams entering the pupil are either consumed by the tissues inside the eye directly or retained after diffuse reflections inside the eye that for the most part miss leaving the narrow pupil. In people the pupil is round, however different species, for example, cats, have vertical slit pupils, goats have horizontally oriented pupils, and some catfish have annular types.
Lasik (laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis), normally referred to as laser eye surgery or laser vision correction, is a kind of refractive surgery for the correction of myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism. The LASIK surgery is performed by an ophthalmologist who utilizes a laser or microkeratome to reshape the eye's cornea in order to enhance visual acuity. For the vast majority, LASIK gives an enduring option in contrast to eyeglasses or contact lenses.
Macular degeneration (age-related macular degeneration (AMD or ARMD)) is a medicinal condition, which may result in obscured or no vision in the focal point of the visual field. Early on there are frequently no symptoms. Over time, few people encounter a slow declining of vision that may influence one or both eyes. While it does not result in total visual impairment, loss of focal vision can make it difficult to perceive faces, drive, read, or perform different exercises of day-by-day life. Visual hallucinations may happen yet these do not represent a mental illness.
Diabetic retinopathy (diabetic eye disease) is a medical condition in which harm happens to the retina because of diabetes mellitus. It is a main source of blindness. Diabetic retinopathy influences up to 80 percent of the individuals who have had diabetes for about 20 years or more. At slightest 90% of new cases could be decreased with legitimate treatment and checking of the eyes. The longer a person has diabetes, the higher his or her chances of evolving diabetic retinopathy.
Dry eye syndrome
Dry eye syndrome (DES) (keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS)) is the state of having dry eyes. Other related indications incorporate irritation, redness, and easily exhausted eyes. Obscured vision may occur. The symptoms can run from gentle and periodic to serious and continuous. Scarring of the cornea may happen at times without treatment. Dry eye occurs either when the eye does not produce enough tears or when the tears evaporate too quickly.
Strabismus is a condition in which the eyes do not legitimately line up with one another when looking at an object. The eye which is centered on an object can alternate. The condition might be available once in a while or constantly. If present childhood, it might result in amblyopia or loss of depth perception. If beginning is amid adulthood, it is bound to result in twofold vision.
Exophthalmos (exophthalmus, exophthalmia, proptosis, or exorbitism) is a bulging of the eye anteriorly out of the circle. Exophthalmos can be either bilateral (as is regularly found in Graves' sickness) or one-sided (as is frequently found in an orbital tumor). Complete or incomplete separation from the orbit is likewise conceivable from injury or swelling of encompassing tissue resulting due to injury.
Epiphora is a flood of tears onto the face. A clinical sign or condition that establishes inadequate tear film waste from the eyes in that tears will drain down the face as opposed to through the nasolacrimal system. Causes of epiphora are either overproduction of tears or diminished drainage of tears, effecting in tearing onto the cheek. This can be because of visual disturbance and irritation or a obstructed tear outflow tract which is partitioned by its anatomical area.
Uveitis is the inflammation of the uvea, the pigmented layer that lies between the internal retina and the external fibrous layer made out of the sclera and cornea. The uvea comprises of the center layer of pigmented vascular structures of the eye and incorporates the iris, ciliary body, and choroid. Uveitis is an ophthalmic crisis and requires an exhaustive examination by an optometrist or ophthalmologist and urgent treatment to control the inflammation. It is related to other visual issues.
Eye neoplasms can influence all parts of the eye, and can be a unharmful tumor or a harmful tumor (cancer). Eye tumors can be essential (begins inside the eye) or metastatic cancer (spread to the eye from another organ). The two most basic cancers that spread to the eye from another organ are breast cancer and lung cancer. Different basic locales of origin incorporate the prostate, kidney, thyroid, skin, colon and blood or bone marrow.
Visual impairment (vision impairment or vision loss) is a diminished capacity to see to a degree that causes issues not fixable by regular means, for example, glasses. Some additionally incorporate the individuals who have a diminished capacity to see since they do not use glasses or contact lenses. Visual impairment is frequently characterized as a best rectified visual sharpness of more awful than either 20/40 or 20/60. The term blindness is utilized for total or about entire vision loss. Visual impairment may cause individuals troubles with ordinary day to day activities, for example, driving, reading, socializing, and walking.
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Dig and Chop Modified Nuclear Disassembly Technique for Hard Cataract
Introduction: Phacoemulsification (phaco) in hard cataracts remains a challenge and many modified techniques have been described to facilitate nuclear disassembly in these cases. This study was conducted to describe and evaluate the modified dig and chop technique for...Read More