Abstracting and Indexing

  • Google Scholar
  • Semantic Scholar
  • CrossRef
  • WorldCat
  • ResearchGate
  • Academia.edu
  • Scilit
  • Baidu Scholar
  • DRJI
  • Microsoft Academic
  • Academic Keys
  • Academia.edu
  • OpenAIRE

COVID-19 Vaccination among minority Cancer Patients: Recommendation of the International Geriatric Radiotherapy group

Article Information

Nam P Nguyen1, Eromosele Oboite1, Joan Oboite1, Thandeka Mazibuko2, Te Vuong3, Brigitta G. Baumert4, David Lehrman2, Alejandro Chagoya Gonzalez5, Gokoulakrichenane Loganadane6, Suresh Dutta2, Micaela Motta7, Ulf Karlsson2, Vincent Vinh-Hung8

1Department of Radiation Oncology, Howard University, Washington, DC, USA

2Department of Radiation Oncology, International Geriatric Radiotherapy Group, Washington DC, USA 3Department of Radiation Oncology, Jewish Hospital, Montreal, Canada

4Institute of Radiation Oncology, Cantonal Hospital Graubuenden, Chur, Switzerland

5Department of Radiation Oncology, Hospital Regional de Alta Especialidad de Ixtapaluca, Ixtapaluca, Mexico

6Department of Radiation Oncology, CHU Mondor, University of Paris-Est, Creteil, France

7Department of Radiation Oncology, Hospital Papa Giovanni XXIII, Bergamo, Italy

8Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Martinique, Martinique, France

*Corresponding author: Nam P Nguyen M.D, Professor of Radiation Oncology, Howard University Hospital, Department of Radiation Oncology, 2401 Georgia Avenue NW, Washington DC, USA

Received: 19 May 2021; Accepted: 29 May 2021; Published: 07 June 2021

Citation: Nam P Nguyen, Eromosele Oboite, Joan Oboite, Thandeka Mazibuko, Te Vuong, Brigitta G. Baumert, David Lehrman, Alejandro Chagoya Gonzalez, Gokoulakrichenane Loganadane, Suresh Dutta, Micaela Motta, Ulf Karlsson, Vincent Vinh-Hung. COVID-19 Vaccination among minority Cancer Patients: Recommendation of the International Geriatric Radiotherapy group. Archives of Clinical and Biomedical Research 5 (2021): 415-418.

View / Download Pdf Share at Facebook

Keywords

COVID-19 Vaccination; Geriatric Radiotherapy

COVID-19 articles

Article Details

Coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-9) is a pandemic which disproportionately affects vulnerable patients. Minority patients such as Africans and Latinos Americans suffer a higher mortality rate compared to other ethnic groups [1,2]. Their death rates are likely due to pre-existing comorbidities [3]. In addition to the risk associated with their ethnicity, they are more prone to develop infections and more likely to die because of weaker immunity defense [4,5]. Thus, vaccination of those patients should be at a priority for health care workers (HCW). These patients face many hurdles when we recommend COVID vaccination.

Foremost is the suspicion in minority patients about the health care system. Legacy of the Tuskegeee experiment when Africans Americans with syphilis were left untreated raised a lot of questions about any program administered by the US government [6]. As a result, conspiracy theories impede any type of vaccination program targeting minority communities [7,8]. The second barrier is access to vaccination sites. Minority patients have less access to computers to schedule appointments. Transportation problem arise due to income limitations [9,10]. The third barrier is their concern about vaccine efficacy and safety. The most common reason for vaccine hesitancy in minority patients is their concern about long-term effect on their health [11].

As a consequence of the above issues, it is not surprising that vaccination among minority patients lags behind other ethnic groups according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) [12]. So how do HCW convince minority cancer patients about the necessity to receive any of the COVID-19 vaccines which are proven to decrease the severity of the infection and possibly its transmission? We suggest a face to face discussion with the patients during a routine follow-up visit or during their treatment. Trust must be earned. Start with an open ended statement: we are happy with the treatment result after radiotherapy but we are concerned about the possibility that you may be exposed inadvertently to the coronavirus from sick or vaccinated patients who are likely to not have symptoms. Cancer patients are more vulnerable to the virus because of weakened immunity, and, if infected, you may have a higher risk of death compared to the general population. Have you received the vaccine? It will start a dialogue to understand the reasons for and help to mitigate the resistance for vaccine hesitancy.

A follow-up can be that: we all accept the vaccination. Since the vaccine is effective and safe, we do not want to be infected by others. That may allay the patient’s fear of being an experimental guinea pig since the HCW, who they trust, have been vaccinated without serious side effects. The patient should also be informed that infection after vaccination has been shown to result in milder symptoms and without risk for death.

While the patient is still in the clinic, HCW should propose a vaccination date which is convenient to the patient. The patient navigator will arrange for transportation to and from the vaccination location. By the time the patients leave the clinic, they should have all the information about the vaccination procedure and its consequences. We have found that genuine concern about the patient well-being, education, and any extra time to help them overcome the social barriers often expedites the vaccination process. Our Radiation Oncology clinic treats a large number of minority cancer patients. So far a hesitant patient has been observed since we started our active vaccination program. Our nurse practitioner, patient representative, and patient navigator effectively coordinate the effort until the patient has received the complete vaccination.

As an international organization devoted to the care of older cancer patients and minorities (http://www.igrg.org), we plan to extend this active vaccination program to all our 1141 affiliated centers as a way to minimize mortality rate among this vulnerable population [13-15]. After all, it is unacceptable to be cancer-free and be dead from the virus after going through a long and tough treatment.

References

  1. Price-Haywood EG, Burton J, Fort D, et al. Hospitalization and mortality among black patients and white patients with Covid-19. N Engl J Med 382 (2020): 2534-2543.
  2. Mackey K, Ayers CK, Kondo KK, et al. Racial and ethnic disparities in COVID-19-related infections, hospitalizations, and deaths: A systemic review. Ann Int Med 174 (2020): 362-373.
  3. Kabarriti R, Brodin NP, Maron MI, et al. Association of race and ethnicity with comorbidities and survival among patients with Covid-19 at an urban medical center in New York. JAMA Netw Open 9 (2020): e2019795.
  4. Wang Q, Berger NA, Xu R. Analysis of risk, racial disparitity, and outcomes among US patients with cancer and COVID-19 infection. JAMA Oncol 2 (2021): 220-227.
  5. ElGohary GM, Hashmi S, Styzinski J, et al. The risk and prognosis of COVID-19 infection in cancer patients: A systemic review and meta-analysis. Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Ther 20 (2020): 30122-30129.
  6. White RM. Unraveling the Tuskegee study of untreated syphilis. Arch Int Med 160 (2000): 585-598.
  7. Thomas SB, Quinn SC. The Tuskegee syphilis study, 1932 to 1972: Implications for HIV education and AIDS risk education programs in the black community. Am J Public Health 81 (1991): 1498-1505.
  8. Romer D, Jamieson KH. Conspiracy theories as barriers to controlling the spread of COVID-19 in the US. Social Sci Med 263 (2020): 113356.
  9. Sen A, Tucker C. Social distancing and school closures: documenting disparity in internet access among school children. SSRS (2020): 1-20.
  10. Syed ST, Gerber BS, Sharp LK. Traveling toward disease: transportation barriers to health care access. J Community Health 38 (2013): 976-993.
  11. Razai MS, Osama T, McKechnie DG, et al. Covid-19 vaccine hesitancy among ethnic minority groups. BMJ 372 (2021): n513
  12. Ndugga N, Pham O, Hill L, et al. Latest data on COVID-19 vaccinations race/ethnicity. CDC COVID Data Tracker (2021)
  13. Nguyen NP, Vinh-Hung V, Baumert B, et al. Older cancer patients during the COVID-19 epidemic: practice proposal of the International Geriatric Radiotherapy Group. Cancers 12 (2020): 1287.
  14. Nguyen NP, Vinh-Hung V, Karlsson U. Should older cancer patients receive priority for Coronavirus disease 19 vaccination: Recommendation of the International Geriatric Radiotherapy Group. J Surg Res 4 (2021): 32-34.
  15. Nguyen NP, Vinh-Hung V, Karlsson U. Should older patients be tested for Coronavirus-19 disease before treatment? Recommendations of the International Geriatric Radiotherapy Group. Gerontology and Geriatric Studies 6 (2020): 628-629.

© 2016-2021, Copyrights Fortune Journals. All Rights Reserved!