Abstracting and Indexing

  • Google Scholar
  • Semantic Scholar
  • CrossRef
  • WorldCat
  • ResearchGate
  • Academia.edu
  • Scilit
  • Baidu Scholar
  • DRJI
  • Microsoft Academic
  • Academic Keys
  • Academia.edu
  • OpenAIRE

Quality of Life can be Improved Dramatically in People Suffering from Depression and its Associated Sarcopenia

Article Information

noshia Afzal1, Umar Farooque2*, Abubakar Tauseef3, Sujan Poudel4

1Department of Pathology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, United States

2Department of Neurology, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan.

3Department of Internal Medicine, Creighton University, Omaha, United States

4Department of Internal Medicine, National Medical College, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

*Corresponding author: Umar Farooque, Department of Neurology, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan

Received: 08 September 2020; Accepted: 16 September 2020; Published: 05 October 2020

Citation: Anoshia Afzal, Umar Farooque, Abubakar Tauseef, Sujan Poudel. Quality of Life can be Improved Dramatically in People Suffering from Depression and its Associated Sarcopenia. Archives of Clinical and Biomedical Research 4 (2020): 465-467.

View / Download Pdf Share at Facebook

Keywords

Sarcopenia

Dramatically articles

Article Details

Dear editor, we would like to highlight the importance of aerobics and physical activity throughout the stages of life to prevent the development of depression associated sarcopenia in old age. We would like to add some recommendations since depression is becoming more and more prevalent in our society and if not addressed timely and properly, we will see some disastrous consequences soon. The most important issue to be addressed in depression is the associated lack of physical activity which impacts heavily upon the overall mortality, morbidity, and quality of life. Depression is associated with multimorbidity and premature mortality as well as cardiac and metabolic disorders [1-3]. Not only major depression is associated with low quality of life but it also leads to loss of muscle mass as well as skeletal muscle function [4]. This article also mentions how aerobic exercises and physical expenditure leads to an overall enhanced mental as well as physical health and leads to an obvious reduction in deaths associated with cardiovascular, respiratory, and metabolic causes [5-7].

Sarcopenia is defined as the loss of skeletal muscle mass and function. It is a condition characterized by progressive as well as the generalized loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength and it is associated with a physical disability, poor quality of life, and eventually death [8].

Loss of muscle mass and an increase in adipose tissue leads to certain imbalances in the metabolism of the body thus increasing the risk of cardiac as well as cerebral events associated with high fat, low protein, low bone mass, high cortisol levels, and pro-inflammatory cytokines [9]. Reduced muscle mass further impairs the mobility of patients suffering from depression and thus a vicious cycle begins which leads to further depression and increases the risk of fracture, disability leading to the bed-bound stage for many months, thus increasing morbidity and mortality. It is therefore vital for us to address this issue and deliver to society the importance of aerobic exercises as well as physical activities which in one way or another will help our elderly in the future by enhancing their immunity as well as strength of muscles, decreasing the risk of developing osteoporosis and fractures which in most cases leads to stress and depression over time. We should build up programs in elderly care centers as well as clinics to help them start and then stick to the aerobics whenever and wherever possible. In this way, all of us should play some role in encouraging our elderly population to indulge in some kind of aerobic exercise so that we can decrease the burden on health care and thus the resources of society can better be saved for other lethal diseases like cancer. In the end, we just want to emphasize that it's our youth who have to develop this habit of leaving a sedentary lifestyle and acquire a physically active way of life so that they are less prone to develop all the above-mentioned issues as they age.

Disclosure

The authors report no conflicts of interest in this work.

References

  1. Stubbs B, Vancampfort D, Veronese N, et al. Depression and physical health multimorbidity: primary data and country-wide meta-analysis of population data from 190 593 people across 43 low- and middle-income countries. Psychol Med 47 (2017): 2107–2117.
  2. Walker ER, Mcgee RE, Druss BG. Mortality in mental disorders and global disease burden implications: a systematic review and metaanalysis. JAMA Psychiatry 72 (2015): 334–341.
  3. Correll CU, Solmi M, Veronese N, et al. Prevalence, incidence and mortality from cardiovascular disease in patients with pooled and specific severe mental illness: a large-scale meta-analysis of 3,211,768 patients and 113,383,368 controls. World Psychiatry 16 (2017): 163–180.
  4. Kahl KG, Utanir F, Schweiger U, et al. Reduced muscle mass in middle-aged depressed patients is associated with male gender and chronicity. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 76 (2017): 58–64.
  5. Vancampfort D, Rosenbaum S, Schuch F, et al. Cardiorespiratory fitness in severe mental illness: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Med 47 (2017): 343–352.
  6. Kerling A, Tegtbur U, Gützlaff E, et al. Effects of adjunctive exercise on physiological and psychological parameters in depression: a randomized pilot trial. J Affect Disord 177 (2015): 1–6.
  7. Kahl KG, Kerling A, Tegtbur U, et al. Effects of additional exercise training on epicardial, intra-abdominal and subcutaneous adipose tissue in major depressive disorder: a randomized pilot study. J Affect Disord 192 (2016): 91–97.
  8. Stubbs B, Rosenbaum S, Vancampfort D, Ward PB, Schuch FB. Exercise improves cardiorespiratory fitness in people with depression: A meta-analysis of randomized control trials. J Affect Disord 190 (2016): 249–253.
  9. Fried LP, Tangen CM, Walston J, et al. Frailty in older adults: evidence for a phenotype. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 56 (2001): M146–M157.

© 2016-2020, Copyrights Fortune Journals. All Rights Reserved!