Temperature Dependence of Henry's Law Constants of Fenpropidin and Pyrimethanil: Impact on their Atmospheric Partitionnings and Lifetimes
Author(s): Valérie Feigenbrugel, Stéphane Le Calvé
Henry's law constants (HLC) play a key role in the environmental fate of pesticides and their distribution between the different phases, i.e., between air, water and soil. For certain compounds such as fenpropidin and pyrimethanil, HLC values are poorly documented in the literature and in particular their temperature dependence. This work reports the experimental HLC values of two pesticides, namely fenpropidin and pyrimethanil, determined by means of a dynamic equilibrium system coupled to an off-line analysis performed by Gas Chromatography–Photoionisation Detection (GC–PID). The measurements were conducted over the range 278–293 K.
In pure water, the experimental average values of HLC at 293 K were: HLC293K(fenpropidin) = (10.0 ± 3.1) × 104 M atm–1, HLC293K(pyrimethanil) = (8.2 ± 0.7) × 104 M atm–1. The obtained data were used to derive the following Arrhenius expressions where the quoted errors represent 2σ: ln HLC (fenpropidin) = (6060 ± 2420)/T – (9.1 ± 8.3); ln HLC (pyrimethanil) = (14570 ± 1800)/T – (38.4 ± 6.2). The environmental implications are then discussed in terms of lifetime or partitionning between the different atmospheric compartments.