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Review on Agro-Based Nanotechnology through Plant-Derived Green Nanoparticles: Synthesis, Application and Challenges

Author(s): Shanmugam Palanisamy, Bhavya Shri Subramaniam, Sathish Thangamuthu, Subramanian Nallusamy, Parthasarathi Rengasamy

Technologies developed in the field of nanoparticles have replaced the use of chemical to eco-friendly green nanoparticle. The nanoparticle sysnthesis can be attained by top-down and bottom-up methods. The source of nano-paerticle synthesis can be acheived by green plant wastes and microorganisms. This becomes a major solution for the defects of conventional nanoparticles developed by chemical synthesis and it can be substuituted for agriculture field for different application like fertilzer, pesticides, etc. It is important to mention that nanoparticles have considerably increased the production in agriculture. The physiological and biological improvements in plants by the application of nanoparticles based on metals or carbon can be enhanced by advanced techniques of testing and implementation. Metal, metal oxide, composite and polymeric nanoparticles are applied to plants through various modes to increase the crop yield and protect from pathogenic attack for not to risk the crop life-span. Recently usage of nano zeolite in the field of agriculture potentially improves its yield. This review gives a brief introduction about the nanoparticles and its various synthesis methods applied in various fields of agriculture to increase production capacities. Also, it elaborate the application and challenges that carried in application in agricultural field.

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