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Food Fortification in Prevention of Micronutrient Deficiencies of Children Under 5 Years in Bangladesh and its Effects on Sustainable Development Goals

Author(s): M. Karim Khan, Mahmudul Hasan Faruque, Biswajit Chowdhury, Monjurul Ahsan, Badruzzaman, A.S.M. Ruhul Quddus

Micronutrients, which contain vitamins and minerals, are required in minute amounts for overall growth, development, and increased immunity against diseases. Because the body is unable to synthesize them, they must be obtained from external sources. Malnutrition causes poor physical and mental development, in susceptible populations such as young children, pregnant and lactating mothers, and the elderly. By supplying important nutrients in food, food fortification is a safe and effective strategy for increasing macronutrient consumption. The lack of micronutrients has an impact on long-term developmental goals. To teach about the benefits of food fortification, the educational program is necessary to create awareness among the mass population. This article gives a detailed overview of Bangladesh's present micronutrient deficiency status among children and women. The success and present problems of existing intervention programs are also discussed in this study. Anemia affects nearly half of all pregnant and lactating mothers. Some of the key dimensions linked to high levels of deficiencies are ignorance, inadequate nutrition, poor hygiene, illness, malabsorption, and infestation. Multiple interventions are being attempted, and some progress has been made. Problems remain like coverage, quality, and compliance. Micronutrient deficiencies in Bangladesh remain a significant concern, despite the fact that current intervention programs have made some success in addressing severe deficiencies. There is a need for a more well-integrated approach to boost existing intervention programs. Furthermore, new intervention techniques for addressing and preventing particular micronutrient deficits are suggested.

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