Clinical Experience using Osimertinib in Patients with Recurrent Malignant Gliomas Containing EGFR Alterations
Author(s): Marin Abousaud, Naqeeb M Faroqui, Glenn Lesser, Roy E Strowd, Shakti H Ramkissoon, Madan Kwatra, Kristin S Houston, Fang-Chi Hsu, Annette Carter, Robin Petro, Alisha T DeTroye
Background: EGFR alterations are commonly observed in malignant gliomas (MG). Osimertinib, an irreversible EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor, effectively penetrates the blood brain barrier and achieves therapeutic concentrations in brain tissue.
Materials and Methods: This retrospective chart review identified six patients with recurrent MG and EGFR alterations who received osimertinib.
Results: Four patients were assessed for response. One patient had a partial response, two patients achieved stable disease and one was refractory. One patient with an EGFR vIII rearrangement remained on treatment for 236 days and a second patient with an EGFR vIII mutation remained on treatment for 294 days and continued on treatment at the time of analysis. Thrombocytopenia occurred in two patients, one patient developed grade 1 diarrhea and pneumonia, and another patient developed grade 1 mucositis.
Conclusion: Osimertinib had a tolerable safety profile in this heavily pretreated brain tumor population. Osimertinib may benefit select patients with recurrent MG containing EGFR alterations.