Effects of Ketamine, S-Ketamine and MK 801 on Integrin Beta-3-mediated Cell Migration in Pancreatic Carcinoma
Author(s): Manuela Malsy, Veronika Hofer, Stephan Schmidbauer, Bernhard Graf and Anika Bundscherer
Introduction: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is one of the most aggressive malignancies in humans. The main reason for its unfavourable prognosis is the combination of rapid tumour growth, early-onset metastasis and currently still inadequate diagnostic and therapeutic options. Thus, only very few patients are eligible for radical resection of the primary tumour as the only curative treatment option available so far. In the perioperative period, tumour progression and metastasis are facilitated by the activation of key signalling pathways and the altered regulation of transcription factors. Various tumour entities have shown increased expression of the integrin-3 receptor subunit, which correlates with more rapid tumour progression and metastasis through advanced migration, invasion and proliferation. The influence of perioperative medication and postoperative pain management remains unclear. To investigate the effects of ketamine, s-ketamine and MK 801 on integrin beta-3-mediated cell migration in pancreatic cancer cells in vitro.
Methods: The effects of ketamine, s-ketamine and MK 801 on integrin beta-3 expression were investigated with immunoblot. Cell migratory potentials were analysed using a Cell Migration Assay Kit with a Boyden chamber, in which cells migrate through a semipermeable membrane under different stimuli.
Results: Stimulation with ketamine and MK 801 significantly promoted migration in pancreatic cancer cells, increasing the expression of integrin beta-3.
Conclusion: Novel therapeutic approaches target the effective modulation of specific signalling and transcription pathways. The prerequisite for such ‘target therapies‘ is comprehensive knowledge about the respective carcinogenesis. Further studies are required to identify the